Gujar Khan History
The city of Gujar Khan is located in Punjab, Pakistan’s Rawalpindi District. It serves as the administrative center for Gujar Khan Tehsil, the largest tehsil in Punjab in terms of land area.
Table of Contents
Gujar Khan is located 220 kilometers (140 miles) to the northwest of Lahore, the capital of Punjab, and roughly 57 kilometers (35 miles) to the southeast of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. The cities of Rawalpindi, Islamabad, and Attock are its northern neighbors. Jhelum, Lahore, and Gujrat are its southern neighbors. Azad Kashmir and Kahuta are their eastern and western neighbors, respectively.
In Pakistan’s Punjab, in the Rawalpindi quarter, is the megacity of Gujar Khan. Around 55 kilometers to the southeast of Islamabad, the nation’s capital, is where it’s located. A literal and culturally rich old megacity, Gujar Khan. The megacity is well recognized for its profitable and agrarian hobbies, and it has a booming request for indigenous products.
Gujar Khan History In Urdu
The history of Gujar Khan is given in the Urdu language with complete facts. It is derived from authentic sources just for easy understanding in Urdu. All the paragraphs are subheaded in Urdu with precise information.
Begin by gathering as much information as possible about Gujar Khan’s past. This may involve reading historical documents, studying maps, examining artifacts, and talking to local experts.
Gujar Khan History in Urdu has gathered a significant amount of historical data, we have organized it into a coherent narrative. This involves creating a timeline or outlining the major events and changes that have occurred over time.
گوجر خان کی تاریخ
گوجر خان پر گجروں کا غلبہ، صوفی مزارات کی تعمیر، اور اس کے بعد برطانوی راج یہ سب شہر کی طویل اور متنوع تاریخ کا حصہ ہیں۔ وقت گزرنے کے ساتھ ساتھ، اس خطے میں زبردست سیاسی اور سماجی تبدیلیاں آئیں کیونکہ کئی بادشاہوں اور سلطنتوں نے اپنے نشان چھوڑے۔ ان ترامیم کے باوجود، قصبہ اور اس کے گردونواح اپنی ثقافتوں اور مذاہب کے تنوع کو فروغ دینے اور محفوظ کر رہے ہیں۔
شہیدو کی سرزمین
شہر، جو پوٹھوہار کے علاقے میں ہے، اور اس کے ارد گرد اپنے مارشل آرٹس کے ورثے کے لیے جانا جاتا ہے اور اسے کبھی کبھار “شہیدو کی سرزمین” کہا جاتا ہے کیونکہ اس نے دو نشان حیدر ایوارڈ یافتہ پیدا کیے ہیں۔ متعدد اضافی نجی اور سرکاری طبی اور دیکھ بھال کی سہولیات کے علاوہ، شہر کا پرائمری ڈسٹرکٹ ہسپتال شہر کے وسط میں واقع ہے۔
997 عیسوی میں، غزنوی خاندان کے حکمران سلطان محمود غزنوی نے اپنے والد کی سلطنت پر قبضہ کر لیا، سلطان سیبوکتگین، اور کابل میں شاہیوں کو شکست دینے کے بعد، 1005 میں پنجاب کے علاقے کو فتح کرنے کے لیے چلا گیا۔ یہ خطہ بنیادی طور پر صوفی بزرگوں کی کوششوں کی وجہ سے مسلمان ہوا جنہوں نے اپنی تعلیمات کے ذریعے اسلام کو پھیلایا اور پنجاب کے علاقے میں درگاہیں (مزارات) قائم کیں۔
مغل سلطنت نے دہلی سلطنت کو شکست دینے کے بعد اس خطے پر حکومت کی۔ تاہم، مغل سلطنت بعد میں زوال کا شکار ہوگئی، اور سکھ سلطنت نے ضلع راولپنڈی پر حملہ کرکے قبضہ کرلیا۔ اس دوران مسلمانوں کو سکھوں کی حکومت میں پابندیوں کا سامنا کرنا پڑا۔ بالآخر، سکھ سلطنت کا خاتمہ ہوا، اور انگریزوں نے 1947 تک اس خطے میں براہ راست حکمرانی شروع کر دی۔
انگریزوں کے دورِ حکومت میں تحصیل گوجر خان، ضلع راولپنڈی کے اندر ایک ذیلی ضلع کی آبادی اور اہمیت میں اضافہ ہوا۔ امپیریل گزٹیئر آف انڈیا، جو بیسویں صدی کی پہلی دہائی کے دوران مرتب کیا گیا تھا اس میں تحصیل کی باقاعدہ تفصیل یلتی ہے
گوجر پریہار قبیلہ
گرجر پرہیہار قبیلہ، جس نے چھٹی سے گیارہویں صدی تک شمالی ہندوستان پر حکومت کی، اس جگہ کے نام کا ذمہ دار ہے۔ گوجر خان تحصیل میں اب بھی گوجر کی ایک بڑی بستی موجود ہے۔
تقسیم کے بعد
اگرچہ اس کمیونٹی کا ایک بڑا حصہ تقسیم کے بعد ہندوستان چلا گیا یا برطانوی انتظامیہ کے دوران اسلام قبول کر لیا، گوجر خان میں ہندو اور سکھوں کی آبادی بھی کافی تھی۔ ہندو مندر اور سکھ گوردوارے، تاہم، خطے میں اب بھی موجود ہیں لیکن برسوں کے دوران خستہ حالی کا شکار ہیں۔
The Mughal- period Akbari Sarai and the Sher Shah Suri- period Rohtas Fort are two of Gujar Khan’s numerous major spots. The megacity is famed for its traditional fabrics, pottery, and other crafts including weaving and embroidery. Gujar Khan also serves as a starting point for passages to a number of beautiful places, including as the Margalla Hills and the Murree Hills. In general, Gujar Khan is a lively megacity with a varied culture and a strong feeling of community.
Gujar Khan History
The Gujars’ dominance over Gujar Khan, the construction of Sufi shrines, and subsequent British rule are all part of the city’s long and varied history. Over time, the region underwent tremendous political and social changes as several kings and empires left their marks. Despite these modifications, the town and its surroundings continue to prosper and preserve their diversity of cultures and religions.
The city, which is in the Potohar region, and its surroundings are known for its martial arts heritage and are occasionally referred to as the “Land of the Shaheed” since they have produced two Nishan-i-Haider award winners. In addition to numerous additional private and public medical and care facilities, the city’s primary district hospital is located in the middle of the city.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, the ruler of the Ghaznavid dynasty, took over his father’s empire, Sultan Sebuktegin, and went on to conquer the Punjab region in 1005, after defeating the Shahis in Kabul. The region became predominantly Muslim due to the efforts of Sufi saints who spread Islam through their teachings and established dargahs (shrines) in the Punjab region.
The Mughal Empire ruled the region after defeating the Delhi Sultanate. However, the Mughal Empire later fell into decline, and the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied the Rawalpindi District. During this time, the Muslims faced restrictions under Sikh rule. Eventually, the Sikh Empire collapsed, and the British began direct rule in the region until 1947.
During the period of British rule, Gujar Khan Tehsil, a sub-district within the Rawalpindi District, increased in population and importance. The Imperial Gazetteer of India, compiled during the first decade of the twentieth century, describes the tehsil as a southern district of Rawalpindi, lying between 33°4′ and 33°26′ N and 72°56′ and 73°37′ E. The tehsil consisted of a plain intersected by numerous ravines, with a low ridge of sandstone hills along the Jhelum River on the east, which cuts it off from Kashmir territory.
Gurjar Prahihar tribe
The Gurjar Prahihar tribe, which ruled northern India from the sixth to the eleventh century, is responsible for the place’s name. The Gujar Khan Tehsil still contains a sizable Gujjar settlement.
Although a sizeable portion of this community either fled to India after partition or converted to Islam during the British administration, Gujar Khan also had a sizable Hindu and Sikh population.
Hindu temples and Sikh Gurdwaras, however, still exist in the region but have fallen into disrepair over the years.
A significant oil and gas reservoir was found in February 2002 at Tobra, which is located approximately 10 kilometers from Gujar Khan. The Oil and Gas Development Corporation is developing the field. 1,600 barrels of crude oil might be produced per day by the field. Another important source of energy in Gujar Khan is Missa Kaswal and Ahdi. On a regular basis, Missa Kaswal supplies many cubic meters of gas and extracts significant amounts of oil.
Gujar Khan’s list of Union Councils
Tehsil union councils refer to the smallest administrative units in a tehsil, which is a sub-district in Pakistan. These union councils are responsible for the local governance and development activities in their respective areas. The number of union councils in a tehsil may vary depending on the population and geographical size of the area.
In Gujar Khan tehsil, which is located in the Rawalpindi district of Punjab, Pakistan, there are a total of 36 union councils. These union councils are responsible for providing basic services such as healthcare, education, sanitation, and public safety to the local communities. The union councils are headed by elected officials, who are responsible for managing the affairs of their respective areas and ensuring the well-being of their constituents.
The administrative division of the Gujar Khan tehsil consists of 36 Union Councils, which are:
- Noor Dolal
- Changa Bangial
- Changa Maira
- Devi, Punjab
- Gujar Khan-I
- Gujar Khan-II
- Gujar Khan-III
- Jand Mehlo
- Jarmot Kalan
- Kalyam Awan
- Kaniat Khalil
- Karumb Ilyas
- Kuri Dolal
- Mankiala Branmma
- Mohra Noori
- Punjgran Kalan
- Sui Cheemian
- Syed Kasran
- Islampura Jabbar
Development in Gujar Khan
in recent years, Gujar Khan, a city in Punjab, Pakistan, has experienced substantial growth in both its infrastructure and amenities. Gujar Khan offers a number of amenities, including
Education: Gujar Khan is home to a number of schools offering primary to higher education. Schools, colleges, and universities in the city are both public and private.
Healthcare: Both governmental and private hospitals and clinics are available in Gujar Khan. Residents of the city may readily get healthcare thanks to the city’s numerous pharmacies and clinics.
Transportation: The city has a well-established road network with a number of significant interstates going through it. For mobility inside the city and to adjacent locations, there are several local bus and taxi services available.
Banks: Gujar Khan is home to a number of banks that offer inhabitants simple access to financial services including ATMs, loans, and savings accounts.
Parks and recreation places: The city boasts a number of parks and recreation sites that provide locals with a place to unwind and take in the scenery. In addition to being utilized for relaxation, these parks are used for sports.
The city has a steady supply of power as well as other amenities like gas and water.
People of Jugar Khan
The residents of Gujar Khan are renowned for their openness, generosity, and feeling of belonging. Many ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Kashmiris, Punjabis, and others, call the city home. Gujar Khan has a mostly Muslim population, but there are sizable communities of Christians, Hindus, and Sikhs as well. Gujar Khan residents adhere to their ancient rituals and practices and are fervently religious. Although English and Urdu are widely spoken and understood in Gujar Khan, Punjabi is the predominant language. A rising number of Gujar Khan residents work in the fields of education, healthcare, and services, while the majority are engaged in agriculture and small-scale companies.
FAQS about Gujar Khan
Gujar Khan is famous for:
Gujjar Khan is noted famous for its rich history and martial culture and is frequently referred to as the “Land of the Shaheed” due to the large number of soldiers and freedom fighters that came from the area.
Two people from Gujjar Khan have received the Nishan-i-Haider, the highest military honor for courage in Pakistan. Major Raja Aziz Bhatti was the first recipient, receiving the accolade posthumously for his contributions to the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War.
Gujjar Khan is well-known for its historical sites, including the medieval Rohtas Fort, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in addition to its martial tradition.
Gujar khan Famous Food:
Gujar Khan is renowned for its tasty and varied cuisine. Among the most well-known dishes in the area are: The well-known barbecued pork dish known as “Charsi Tikka” is cooked over hot coals after being marinated in a specific spice mixture. Nihari: Naan bread is typically served with this hearty, slow-cooked beef stew. In the area, people frequently eat it for breakfast. The rice meal known as “biryani” is tasty and is prepared with a variety of spices, meat, and vegetables. On important events particularly during weddings, it is frequently offered. Karahi: A karahi is a skillet that resembles a wok and is used to prepare this spicy beef meal. It is typically served with naan and cooked with chicken or mutton.
What language do people from Gujar Khan speak?
The most extensively spoken language in Gujar Khan is Punjabi, which is spoken by the majority of people in Gujar Khan, Pakistan. Almost 100 million people worldwide speak Punjabi, an Indo-Aryan language, making it the tenth most spoken language in the world. It is also widely spoken in portions of Afghanistan. Punjabi is the official language of the Punjab province of Pakistan. Certain residents of Gujar Khan may also speak Urdu, which is Pakistan’s official language and is extensively spoken throughout the nation, in addition to Punjabi.
Famous Places to Visit in Gujar Khan
those are some of the famous places in Gujar Khan:
- Bedi Mahal
- Masjid Rajgan, Bagnoter
- Sangni Fort
The Bedi Mahal is a Sikh house built in the 1850s by a notable Sikh merchant and community leader, Baba Khem Singh Bedi. It features beautiful paintings and carvings, as well as an orchard, a stable, and a small zoo of exotic animals. The Masjid Rajgan is a mosque that is almost 140 years old, built with bricks and black stones, and features elements of Islamic design. The Sangni Fort, built during the Sikh period, served as a regional bastion and is in good shape with unbroken walls, but the interior has been renovated due to the presence of Sahibzada Abdul Hakeem’s mausoleum. All three of these places offer a glimpse into the history and culture of the region.
Famous Personalities of Gujar khan
Here is a list of famous people, and a brief summary of each person on the list:
- Mohammad Amir: A Pakistani cricketer who played for the national team.
- Raja Pervaiz Ashraf: A Pakistani politician who served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 2012-2013.
- Aftab Gul: A Pakistani film and television actor.
- Muhammad Hussain: A Pakistani soldier who was posthumously awarded the Nishan-e-Haider, Pakistan’s highest military award for bravery.
- Muhammad Javed Ikhlas: A Pakistani politician who served in the National Assembly of Pakistan.
- Ashfaq Parvez Kayani: A retired Pakistani four-star general who served as the Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army.
- Anwar Pervez: A Pakistani businessman and founder of Bestway Group, a UK-based conglomerate.
- Farzana Raja: A Pakistani politician who served as the Chairperson of the Benazir Income Support Program.
- Raja Muhammad Sarwar: A Pakistani politician who served as the Governor of Punjab from 2013-2015.
- Surjit Singh Sethi: A Pakistani politician and former member of the National Assembly of Pakistan.
- Najaf Shah: It is unclear who this person is, as there are likely multiple individuals with this name.
Gujar khan Villages Names
there are some of the villages located in the Gujar Khan Tehsil of the Rawalpindi District in Punjab, Pakistan:
- Kaliam Awan
- Dhoke Budhal
- Kot Suleman
- Kuri Dolal
Each of these villages has its own unique culture, traditions, and landmarks. For example, Daultala is known for its historic mosque, while Thathi is known for its beautiful scenery and natural hot springs. Many of these villages have a primarily agricultural economy and are known for producing a variety of crops such as wheat, rice, and vegetables.
Gujar Khan to Rawalpindi
About 40 kilometers southeast of Rawalpindi city is the town of Gujar Khan, which is part of the Rawalpindi district of the Punjab province of Pakistan.
There are a number of ways to go from Gujar Khan to Rawalpindi:
Via car: Driving is the most practical method to go between the two cities. Between Gujar Khan and Rawalpindi, there are frequent bus and taxi services. By automobile or cab, the trip takes around an hour.
By private car: If you have your own car, you can drive from Gujar Khan to Rawalpindi. The journey takes approximately 1 hour, depending on the traffic conditions.
Train: Taking a train from Gujar Khan Railway Station to Rawalpindi Railway Station is an additional alternative. Depending on the train service and the number of stops, the trip lasts around 45 minutes.
Gujar Khan Map
Gujar Khan’s map typically contains various types of information and features that help users navigate and understand the layout and characteristics of the city. Some of the common elements that may be found on a map of a city include
- Roads and highways: Gujar Khan map show the main roads and highways that connect different parts of the city. This includes major streets, avenues, and highways that are identified by their names and numbers.
- Landmarks and points of interest: The map also show important landmarks and points of interest in the city, such as parks, museums, historical sites, government buildings, and other significant locations.
- Neighborhoods and districts: Gujar Khan map typically show the different neighborhoods and districts of the city, each identified by its name or a specific boundary.
- Public transportation: The map of Gujar Khan also show the routes and stops for public transportation services, such as buses, trains, and subways.
- Bodies of water: If the city has any major bodies of water, such as rivers, lakes, or oceans, these may be indicated on the map.