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Farooqabad is a historic city in the Punjab province of Pakistan that was formerly known as Choorkana. It is located in the Sheikhupura District, approximately 55 kilometers west of Lahore on Sargodha Road, and is well-connected to other major cities via the Lahore-Islamabad M-2 Motorway and the Lahore-Faisalabad-Karachi Main Railway Line. The city is situated along the twin canals, Qadirabad Balloki Link Canal and Upper Gogera Branch Canal, which have been instrumental in the city’s agricultural production.

Farooqabad History in Urdu 

The history of Farooqabad in Urdu a city is a complex and multifaceted story that involves the interplay of many different factors. Such as geography, culture, politics, economics, and technology. Here is a brief history of Farooqabad in Urdu and an overview of some of the key elements. That may be included in the history of Farooqabad in Urdu :

Geography: The physical location and natural environment of the history of Farooqabad in Urdu can have a significant impact on its history. For example, a city on a major river or port may have developed as a center of trade and commerce, while a city in a mountainous region may have been a stronghold for military or religious purposes.

Foundation and Early Development: The founding of Farooqabad involves a combination of legend and historical fact. Nomadic tribes or hunter-gatherers may have established the earliest settlements. And later developed into more organized urban centers as agriculture and civilization evolved. The growth and development of the history of Farooqabad in Urdu were shaped by political and social factors. These are as the establishment of a monarchy or the rise of a powerful merchant class.

 پنجاب کا ایک تاریخی شہر

فاروق آباد : پاکستان کے صوبہ پنجاب کا ایک تاریخی چھوٹا شہر ہے ۔ یہ ضلع شیخوپورہ میں واقع ہے، لاہور سے تقریباً 55 کلومیٹر مغرب میں سرگودھا روڈ پر موجود ہے جو کہ  لاہور-اسلام آباد M-2 موٹروے  اور لاہور- فیصل آباد-  مین ریلوے لائن کے ذریعے دوسرے بڑے شہروں سے منسلک ہے۔

دو آب 

 یہ شہر جڑواں نہروں، قادر آباد بلوکی لنک کینال اور اپر گوگیرہ برانچ کینال کے کنارے واقع ہے، جو شہر کی زرعی پیداوار میں اہم کردار ادا کرتی ہیں۔

فاروق آباد 331 قبل مسیح میں

فاروق آباد ضلع شیخوپورہ میں واقع ہے جو کہ تقریباً پانچ ہزار سال قبل وادی سندھ کی تہذیب کے بعد سے گھنے جنگلات والا ایک زرعی خطہ رہا ہے۔ 331 قبل مسیح میں، سکندر نے 50,000 کی فوج کے ساتھ Achaemenid سلطنت کو زیر کرنے کے بعد موجودہ پنجاب کے علاقے میں مارچ کیا۔

حکمران سلطنتیں 

پوری تاریخ میں، شیخوپورہ جو کہ فاروق آباد کا ضلع ہے اس پر مختلف سلطنتوں نے حکومت کی، جن میں موریہ سلطنت، ہند- یونانی سلطنت، کشان سلطنت، گپتا سلطنت، سفید ہن، کشانو- ہفتالی، ترک اور ہندو شاہی سلطنتیں، اور انگریز شامل ہیں۔

فاروق آباد 1005ء میں

1005ء میں سلطان محمود غزنوی نے اس علاقے سمیت پنجاب کا علاقہ فتح کیا اور دہلی سلطنت اور بعد میں مغلیہ سلطنت نے اس علاقے پر حکومت کی۔ اس وقت کے دوران صوفی سنتوں کے اثر و رسوخ نے پنجاب کے علاقے کو بنیادی طور پر اسلام میں تبدیل کر دیا، اور ان کی درگاہیں پورے منظر نامے میں پائی جاتی ہیں۔

فاروق آباد اور مغل دور

اس شہر کی تاریخ مغل دور سے ملتی  ہے جب یہ مغل بادشاہوں اور ان کی فوجوں کے لیے لاہور اور سلطنت کے دیگر حصوں کے درمیان سفر کے لیے ایک آرام گاہ کا کام کرتا تھا۔ وقت کے ساتھ ساتھ ، یہ شہر زراعت اور تجارت کا ایک اہم مرکز بن گیا، ایک ہلچل مچانے والا بازار جس نے پورے خطے کے تاجروں کو اپنی طرف متوجہ کیا۔

نام کی تاریخ

ماضی میں فاروق آباد کو چوہڑکانہ کے نام سے جانا جاتا تھا لیکن 1983 میں خلیفہ ثانی عمر بن الخطاب کے اعزاز میں اس کا نام تبدیل کر دیا گیا۔ خلیفہ، جو فاروق کے نام سے جانا جاتا تھا، ان کی قائدانہ خصوصیات، قانونی مہارت اور مدبرانہ صلاحیتوں کی وجہ سے پہچانا جاتا تھا۔ ان کے اعزاز میں قصبے کا نام فاروق آباد رکھ دیا گیا۔

سکھ – انگریزوں کی آمد

مغل سلطنت کے زوال کے بعد، مہاراجہ رنجیت سنگھ کے ماتحت سکھ سلطنت نے پنجاب میں ایک سیکولر مملکت قائم کی۔ فاروق آباد میں پہلا تھانہ صدر تھانہ فاروق آباد، 1924 میں برطانوی دور حکومت میں قائم کیا گیا تھا، اور اس علاقے میں مسلسل ترقی ہوئی کیونکہ پنجاب اور شمال مغربی ہندوستان کے تمام حصوں سے طلباء تعلیم کے لیے آتے تھے۔


مسلمانوں کی اکثریتی آبادی نے مسلم لیگ اور تحریک پاکستان کی حمایت کی۔ 1947 میں پاکستان کی آزادی کے بعد، فاروق آباد میں اقلیتی ہندو اور سکھ آبادی ہندوستان منتقل ہوگئی، جب کہ ہندوستان سے مسلمان مہاجرین فاروق آباد کے علاقے میں آباد ہوئے۔ حالیہ دنوں میں، دنیا بھر سے سکھ زائرین باقاعدگی سے فاروق آباد کے علاقے میں واقع سوچا سودا جیسے اپنے مقدس مقامات کی زیارت کے لیے آتے ہیں۔

موجودہ فاروق آباد

آج، فاروق آباد تقریباً 125000 افراد کی آبادی کے ساتھ ایک فروغ پزیر شہر ہے۔ اس کی معیشت زیادہ تر زراعت پر مبنی ہے، جس میں گندم، گنا، اور کپاس جیسی فصلیں مقامی معیشت کی بنیادی بنیاد ہیں۔ یہ شہر ایک نقل و حمل کا مرکز بھی ہے، جس میں ایک بڑا ریلوے اسٹیشن ہے جو اسے ملک کے دیگر حصوں سے جوڑتا ہے۔ مزید برآں، فاروق آباد میں متعدد تعلیمی اداروں کا گھر ہے، جن میں کئی پرائمری اور سیکنڈری اسکولوں کے ساتھ ساتھ یونیورسٹی آف انجینئرنگ اینڈ ٹیکنالوجی لاہور کا کیمپس بھی شامل ہے۔

فاروق آباد ترقیاتی مدار 

حالیہ برسوں میں، فاروق آباد میں نمایاں ترقی اور جدید کاری ہوئی ہے، شہر کی بڑھتی ہوئی آبادی کو ایڈجسٹ کرنے کے لیے نئے ہاؤسنگ ڈویلپمنٹ، شاپنگ سینٹرز، اور دیگر بنیادی ڈھانچے کے منصوبے بنائے جا رہے ہیں۔ تاہم، ان تبدیلیوں کے باوجود، فاروق آباد اپنے تاریخی دلکشی اور ثقافتی ورثے کو برقرار رکھنے میں کامیاب رہا ہے، جو اسے سیاحوں اور رہائشیوں کے لیے ایک منفرد اور دلکش منزل بنا رہا ہے۔

History of Farooqabad 

The city’s history dates back to the Mughal era when it served as a rest stop for Mughal emperors. And their armies on their journeys between Lahore and other parts of the empire. Over time, the city grew into an important center of agriculture and trade. Along with a bustling bazaar that attracted merchants from all over the region.

Name History 

In the past, Farooqabad was known as Chuharkana, but its name was changed in 1983 to honor the second pious Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattāb. The Caliph, who was known as Farooq, was recognized for his leadership qualities, legal expertise, and statesmanship. The town was renamed Farooqabad in his honor.

Farooqabad in 331 BCE,

Farooqabad is located in Sheikhupura District, which has been an agricultural region with dense forests since the Indus Valley civilization around five thousand years ago. In 331 BCE, Alexander marched into the present-day Punjab region after overrunning the Achaemenid Empire with an army of 50,000.

Throughout history, the Sheikhupura that is the District of Farooqabad was ruled by various empires, including the Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites, Turk and Hindu Shahi kingdoms, and the British in recent times.

Farooq in 1005 AD

In 1005 AD, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered the Punjab region, including this area, and the Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. Sufi saints‘ influence during this time converted the Punjab region predominantly to Islam, and their dargahs can be found throughout the landscape.

Sikh – British  Arrival in  Farooqabad

After the Mughal Empire’s decline, the Sikh Empire under Maharajah Ranjit Singh created a secular kingdom in Punjab. The first police station in Farooqabad, Sadar Thana Farooqabad, was established during British rule in 1924. The area experienced steady growth as students from all parts of Punjab and North West India came to study. 

The population of Farooqabad

Currently it is 125000 and the predominantly Muslim population supported the Muslim League and the Pakistan Movement. After Pakistan gained independence in 1947, the minority Hindu and Sikh populations in Farooqabad migrated to India, while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Farooqabad region. In recent times, Sikh visitors from around the world regularly come to visit their sacred sites, such as Sucha Sauda in the Farooqabad area.

Today Farooqabad 

Today, Farooqabad is a thriving city with a population of approximately 125000 people. Its economy is largely based on agriculture, with crops such as wheat, sugarcane, and cotton being the mainstays of the local economy. The city is also a transportation hub, with a major railway station. That connects it to other parts of the country. Additionally, Farooqabad is home to a number of educational institutions, including several primary and secondary schools. It is also as well as a campus of the University of Engineering and Technology Lahore.

Developments in Farooqabad

In recent years, Farooqabad has undergone significant development and modernization. Those are new housing developments, shopping centers, and other infrastructure projects being built to accommodate the city’s growing population. Despite these changes, however, Farooqabad has retained much of its historic charm and cultural heritage. That makes making it a unique and fascinating destination for visitors and residents alike.

Famous Places to Visit in Farooqabad 

Farooqabad is a small town with several interesting places to visit. Here are some famous places to visit in Farooqabad:

Training School Farooqabad

In 1975, this institution was founded as the Police Recruit Training Center. At the time, a DSP-level officer in command oversaw the center. In 2001, the Police Recruit Training Center was upgraded to a Police Training School. And the Officer in Charge has been given the title of Principal and promoted to the SSP level. The Administrative Building, Academic Block, Mess, Dispensary, MT Shed, Library, and Canteen now make up the Police Training Academy.

The institution now only offers one course, the Basic Recruit Course. This program lasts for six months. The institution has formerly offered a variety of courses, such as the Moharar Course, Prison Warden Training, and Anti-Narcotics Course.

Farooqabad Fountain House

Fountain House Farooqabad is a significant landmark in the history of Fountain House. It is located on Sargodha Road, adjacent to “Sucha Soda,” a religious site for the Sikh community. In November 1982, approximately 55 km from Lahore, a group recognized the need for specialized services for rural individuals who required treatment in a setting that suited their daily lives. As a result, they established the agricultural therapy unit in Chuharkana. 

The project officials completed the residential quarters for members in February, and they inaugurated the project officially in March 1983. Members residing in Farooqabad engage in various farming activities, including plantation, and growing vegetables, and crops. Some others are fish farming, goat farming, poultry farming, and beekeeping, as well as maintaining the property. Additionally, psychiatric consultations and medical treatments are provided to the local population.


Sachcha Sauda Gurdwara is located approximately 37 miles from Lahore, along the Lahore-Lyallpur Railway Line. According to Sikh tradition, Mehta Kalu, Guru Nanak’s father, sent his son as a young man to buy goods with the hope of instilling a sense of business in him. It is belief that Guru Nanak stopped at this site. That is known as Sachcha Sauda, to feed the hungry and distribute his goods to the poor. This act of generosity and kindness would become a hallmark of Guru Nanak’s teachings and philosophy. Today, Gurdwara Sachcha Sauda serves as a place of worship and pilgrimage for the Sikh community. Who come from all over the world to pay their respects and honor the legacy of Guru Nanak.

Missionary College Farooqabad

Adventist Seminary & College of Pakistan A Christian co-educational higher education college called Farooqabad may be found in Pakistan’s Punjab province. Its major goals are to prepare Christian adolescents for meaningful social service. And to develop people who can support the church in Pakistan and abroad. The college is in connection with the second-largest Christian school network in the world, which is the Seventh-day Adventist education system.

Castes System in History of Farooqabad

Bhatti, Maliks, Khokhars, Khans, Arains, Awans, Dogars, Gakhars, Gujjars, Jats, Kambohs, Mughals, Punjabi Rajputs, Muslim Rajputs, Ranas, Sheikhs, Qureshis, and Syeds are some of the major castes of Farooqabad. The Raan, Khetran, and Rehmanis are further lesser tribes (Muslim Labana).

Amenities in Farooqabad

Farooqabad, being a small town in Punjab, Pakistan, may not have as many amenities as larger cities. However, there are still some amenities that are available in the town. Here are a few examples:

  1. Medical facilities: Farooqabad has a number of medical facilities, including hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies. Some notable medical facilities in the area include the GVT  Hospital, Farooqabad, and Mubarak Hospital.
  2. Educational institutions: There are several educational institutions in Farooqabad, ranging from primary schools to colleges. These include the Government Degree College Farooqabad and the Pakistan Adventist Seminary & College.
  3. Banks: There are a few banks located in Farooqabad, including MCB Bank Limited, Allied Bank Limited, and Habib Bank Limited. These banks provide financial services to the local population.
  4. Markets and shopping areas: Farooqabad has a few markets and shopping areas where residents can buy household items. The town has a bazaar where a variety of goods are available for purchase.
  5. Transportation: Farooqabad is connected to other cities and towns through a network of roads and highways. The town has a bus stand from where buses and vans depart for nearby areas. Additionally, rickshaws and taxis are also available for hire in Farooqabad.
  6. Communication services: Farooqabad has access to basic communication services, including mobile phone coverage and internet access. Local post offices and courier services are also available in the area.

People of Farooqabad

The people of Farooqabad are predominantly Muslim, with a minority of Christians. They are known for their hospitality and warmth towards visitors. Many of them are engaged in agriculture, particularly growing wheat, rice, and sugarcane. There are also some people involved in small businesses and services such as transportation, tailoring, and hospitality. The youth of Farooqabad are active in sports and cultural activities. They also participate in events and tournaments at the local and regional levels. Overall, the people of Farooqabad are proud of their heritage and culture and work hard to maintain and promote it.

Value of Farooqabad in the History of Sheikhupura

Farooqabad holds significant historical and cultural value in the district of Sheikhupura. It is also an important economic and cultural hub in the district of Sheikhupura. It has several amenities. These are such as two police stations, a police training center, and a hospital for psycho-patients. It has also a fruit market, and a commercial hub. These amenities serve not only the people of Farooqabad but also the surrounding areas. Moreover, the city is home to the Pakistan Adventist Seminary & College, which provides higher education to Christian students and trains workers to serve the church in Pakistan and beyond.

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